Thursday, May 30, 2013

EPA To Look At Standards To Curb Ocean Acidification

May 29: In response to a petition from the Center for Biological Diversity (CBD), U.S. EPA is beginning an in-depth study about combating ocean acidification and reducing pollution which CBD indicates is having a dramatic impact on corals, shellfish and other sea life. CBD indicated in a release that the decision marks the first time EPA has launched a formal workgroup to identify national water quality standards that can be used to detect the effects of ocean acidification marine life. The Agency has announced that within the next six months it will convene a panel of scientists and policy makers to discuss the CBD petition.

    Miyoko Sakashita, oceans director at CBD said, "We're happy to see the EPA taking this first step toward protecting fisheries and coastal ecosystems before it's too late. Our oceans are in the midst of a dangerous transformation that, left unchecked, will make sea waters inhospitable for many, many animals. It's not too late, though, and this working group will be tasked with deciding where the tipping points are, so we can act now to prevent the worst effects." The CBD petition, filed in April, requested that the EPA develop new water-quality standards that will more effectively monitor and detect ocean acidification. CBD reports that in a letter responding to the petition, EPA wrote: "The EPA agrees with the Center for Biological Diversity and other experts in the field that recent scientific research indicates that other ocean chemistry indicators and biological parameters, beyond pH, may be relevant for ocean acidification."

    CBD cites for example, scientists have discovered that most corals can no longer grow if waters reach a certain point of corrosiveness. The petition also asked the Agency to publish guidance that will help states determine if their coastal waters are impaired by ocean acidification. In 2010, EPA directed states to periodically evaluate the impacts of ocean acidification on their coastal waters under the Clean Water Act. The move came in response to a settlement of a lawsuit brought by CBD that claimed the EPA had failed to address the impairment of waters affected by ocean acidification off Washington state. Sakashita said, "We need a national plan to deal with ocean acidification, and the EPA's announcement that it will start to tackle the problem head-on is good news."

    CBD indicated that the oceans absorb 22 million tons of carbon dioxide pollution each day, which is changing ocean chemistry. Seawater is becoming more acidic, which makes it difficult for animals to build the protective shells and skeletons they need to survive. Already, ocean acidification has caused massive oyster die-offs in the Pacific Northwest, sluggish coral growth in the Great Barrier Reef, and plankton to grow thinner, weaker shells in high latitudes.

    Access a release from CBD with links to the petition and more information on endangered oceans (click here). [#Climate, #Wildlife, #Water]  

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