Wednesday, October 21, 2009

UNFCCC Releases Latest Industrialized Countries GHG Data

Oct 21: The UN Climate Change Secretariat in Bonn, Germany has released the latest data on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from industrialized countries increased in 2007, which continued the upward trend of the previous six years. According to a release, data submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) show that greenhouse gas emissions of the 40 industrialized countries that have reporting obligations under the Convention rose by 1% from 2006 to 2007. The 2007 emissions of this group of countries are about 4% below 1990 levels. But there was overall a 3% growth in emissions in the period from 2000 to 2007.

For the smaller group of 37 industrialized countries that have targets under the Kyoto Protocol, emissions in 2007 were almost the same as in 2006 (+0.1%). The figure is around 16% below the 1990 Kyoto baseline for industrialized countries with targets. However, UNFCCC notes that much of the reduction comes from the economic decline of economies in transition (countries in eastern and central Europe) in the 1990s and since 2000, the emissions have also been growing for this group (+3%).

Yvo de Boer, Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC said, “The continuing growth of emissions from industrialized countries remains worrying, despite the expectation of a momentary dip brought about by the global recession. So the numbers for 2007 underscore, once again, the urgent need to seal a comprehensive, fair and effective climate change deal in Copenhagen in December.

The UNFCCC secretariat has also released a report with summary data on transactions conducted in 2008 by industrialized countries in the course of implementing the market mechanisms under the Kyoto Protocol. According to the data, industrialized countries have 55 billion tonnes of Kyoto Protocol units in their accounts. Some of these units were already traded among countries in 2008, and trading is expected to increase significantly in the coming years.

De Boer said, “It is exciting to see how the carbon market evolved in 2008. I am sure that such data will become more conclusive as we move closer to 2012, the final year of the first commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol, and will show how policies and measures of the countries that have ratified the Protocol bear fruit. However, the ultimate size of the carbon market and its effectiveness to reduce global emissions will depend critically on the level of ambition shown by industrialized countries in Copenhagen."

Access a release from UNFCCC (
click here). Access the Annual compilation and accounting report for 37 Annex B Parties under the Kyoto Protocol (click here). Access the Addendum to the Annual compilation and accounting report for 37 Annex B Parties under the Kyoto Protocol (click here). Access the National greenhouse gas inventory data for the period 1990 - 2007, Annex I Parties (click here). Access a Q&A document on relating to the GHG data interface and data availability on the UNFCCC (click here).